Part II: Gender and Health in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change

By Marlies Hesselman, University of Groningen Faculty of Law, PhD Candidate, m.m.e.hesselman@rug.nl

On  16 October 2017, GHLG member Marlies Hesselman participated in an event on new CEDAW General Recommendation 36 on Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction in a Changing Climate. This two-part post is based on Hesselman’s commentary in response to the presentation of the Draft General Recommendation by CEDAW Committee member Hilary Gbedemah. Part I of this entry discussed the intimate links between gender, health, climate and disaster risk reduction and included examples of practical challenges for women.

Continue reading

Advertisements

The Underappreciated Banjul Jurisprudence on the Right to Health

By Yohannes Eneyew Ayalew, LLM candidate International Human Rights Law, University of Groningen, eneyewyohannes@gmail.com

By and large, international health law is taken as a nascent branch of  public international law and is still in the making.[1] These days, the issue of public health draws global spotlight and the response of the international community seemed promising though it requires concerted and cooperative solutions. As part of this process, regional organisations have played a pivotal role in the making or unmaking of norms. For instance, courts or commissions established internationally or regionally—have developed some concepts and made interesting pronouncements about the right to health.

Continue reading

Part I: Gender and Health in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change

By Marlies Hesselman, University of Groningen Faculty of Law, PhD Candidate, m.m.e.hesselman@rug.nl

On  16 October 2017, GHLG member Marlies Hesselman participated in an event on the new CEDAW General Recommendation on Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction in a Changing Climate. This two-part post is based on her commentary in response to the presentation of the Draft General Recommendation by CEDAW Committee member Hilary Gbedemah, and is published on the occasion of COP23 in Bonn.

Continue reading

Breastfeeding and infant and maternal health: a human rights analysis

By Benedetta Inguscio, University of Groningen, LLM Public International Law, benedettainguscio@gmail.com

With millions of children dying each year of malnutrition, breastfeeding holds the potential to save more lives than any public health intervention on infant mortality. This unique practice, achievable at an incomparably minimal cost, has also proven to have positive health effects on lactating mothers, protecting them from, inter alia, osteoporosis and breast and ovarian cancer.

Continue reading

Contributions to the EAHL conference

By Yi Zhang (Eva), University of Groningen Faculty of Law, PhD Candidate, yi.zhang@rug.nl

On the 28 – 29 of September 2017, Prof. Brigit Toebes, Dr.  Marie Elske Gispen and Yi Zhang participated in the 6th annual conference of the European Association of Health Law (‘EAHL’). The conference was organized by the Faculty of Law, University of Bergen, Norway in cooperation with the EAHL. The theme of the conference was health rights regulations and the distribution of healthcare in Europe. 

Continue reading

Ebola, Burial Practices and the Right to Health in West Africa: Integrating International Human Rights with Local Norms

Julie Fraser, PhD Candidate SIM, Utrecht University, J.A.Fraser@uu.nl, and Henrike Prudon, MSC, Cultural Anthropology, Utrecht University, H.H.M.Prudon@uu.nl  

Culture and health are to some degree mutually constitutive. The cultural frameworks into which we are socialised often shape our views on sickness, wellbeing, the causes of illnesses, and their remedies. The UN Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights acknowledges this and, therefore, requires all health goods, facilities, and services to be “culturally appropriate”. This is an obligation on all States parties to the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights to progressively realise. Culturally sensitive approaches to healthcare are important at all times, but can be especially vital during an epidemic. Our study of the recent Ebola crisis that reached a peak in West Africa in 2015 exemplified how indispensable culturally sensitive approaches to the right to health can be.

Continue reading

Pharmaceutical Pricing Hostages

By Ellen ‘t Hoen, Global Health Unit Department of Health Sciences, UMCG Groningen, e.f.m.t.hoen@umcg.nl

Ireland seems to be the stage of some of the most bizarre pharmaceutical company behaviour these days. This month, the pharmaceutical company CSL Behring announced it will no longer provide Respreeza (human alpha1-proteinase inhibitor), a treatment for hereditary emphysema, for free. Most of the patients that depend on the programme had volunteered to be part of the clinical trials to test the product, which was necessary to obtain a marketing authorisation for the product. CSL Behring gained such authorisation  in 2015 and priced the product at €103,768 (VAT incl.) per year’s treatment. Here you can find the cost-effectiveness evaluation by the Irish National Centre for Pharmacoeconomics (NCPE). The company has now told the patients that the donation programme they depend on will come to a halt. Of course, if they pay the price or persuade the government to pay, the patients can get access to the product. This case is particularly bitter because the patients who are left out in the cold are the very people that helped the company get its marketing approval. In other walks of life, this would be called a hostage situation.

Continue reading